Drama/Role PlayingIn dramas and role playing, students act out a scene that illustrates what is happening. The difference between a drama and role playing is the amount of direction that the students get.
For example, I have used a drama to indicate how objects within a program interact. I give the students scripts that allow them to be parts of the program, and the objects are paper bags that get passed around the room. The goal is for the students to understand the concept of an object and to understand what parts of a program can see the contents of the object/bag and which cannot.
A role playing example to illustrate improper job interviewing techniques for a business class might assign to two students the role of interviewer and interviewee. The only direction to the interviewer would be to try to subtly find out information that should have no influence in the hiring process. The only direction to the interviewee would be to try and keep as much of this information private while still answering questions. The ensuing class discussion could be about what inappropriate information was the interviewer trying to find out and how successful was he/she.